How Is Vegan Cheese Made?

Vegan cheese has become an increasingly popular alternative for those seeking dairy-free options. Whether due to dietary restrictions, ethical choices, or environmental concerns, more people are exploring the world of plant-based cheeses. But how exactly is vegan cheese made?

From nuts and seeds to soy and tapioca, discover the diverse methods and creative approaches used to create vegan cheese that can rival its traditional dairy counterparts in flavor, texture, and culinary versatility.

Key Takeaways

  • Vegan cheese begins with blending plant-based milk with bacterial cultures for fermentation.
  • Oils and thickeners, such as agar-agar and tapioca starch, are incorporated into the mixture.
  • The mixture is then poured into molds lined with cheesecloth and refrigerated to set.
  • Aging allows the bacterial cultures to develop rich, complex flavors similar to traditional cheese.
  • Ingredients like nutritional yeast, spices, and herbs are added for flavor customization.

Key Ingredients

When making vegan cheese, key ingredients include plant-based milk such as almond, soy, or coconut, which provide the necessary liquid and fats to mimic traditional cheese. Bacterial cultures are then introduced to separate proteins in the milk, a critical step in achieving the desired cheese-like texture.

Oils like coconut or vegetable oils are added to ensure the cheese has the right fat content and a creamy consistency, contributing to a rich mouthfeel. Emulsifiers and thickeners, such as agar-agar, tapioca starch, or carrageenan, help stabilize the mixture and improve its texture.

These components work harmoniously to create a product that looks, feels, and tastes like cheese, without any animal-derived ingredients. Additional flavorings, including salt, spices, or nutritional yeast, are often added to enhance the taste, making the vegan cheese more enjoyable.

Preparation Steps

Preparation Steps

To start making vegan cheese, blend plant-based milk with bacterial cultures to separate the proteins. This foundational step uses dairy-free and vegan-friendly ingredients. Plant-based milk, such as almond, soy, or cashew milk, serves as the base, while the bacterial culture aids in fermenting the milk and breaking down its proteins, similar to traditional cheese-making.

Next, incorporate oils and thickeners into the mixture. Once the mixture is well-combined, let it set and age. Aging is crucial for developing the flavors and firmness of the cheese. Depending on the type of vegan cheese you’re making, the aging time will vary. This process helps create a more complex flavor profile, similar to aged dairy cheese, but without any animal products.

Blending Process

Blending softened cashews with coconut oil, olive brine, garlic, and salt is essential for creating a smooth and creamy vegan cheese. This process ensures that all ingredients are fully integrated, resulting in a uniform texture and consistent flavors.

Begin by placing the softened cashews in a high-speed blender. Softening the cashews can be achieved by soaking them in water for several hours or boiling them for about 15 minutes.

Add the coconut oil for a rich, creamy consistency. The olive brine imparts a subtle tang, while the garlic and salt enhance the overall flavor. Blend on high until the mixture is completely smooth and lump-free.

For additional flavor, consider incorporating optional ingredients such as fresh herbs, lemon zest, black pepper, or red pepper flakes during blending. These additions can enhance the flavor profile of your vegan cheese.

The key to perfect vegan cheese is thorough blending, ensuring a silky, homogeneous mixture ready for the next steps.

Molding Techniques

Once you’ve achieved a smooth and creamy mixture, it’s time to focus on shaping your vegan cheese using specific molding techniques. The type of mold you choose will depend on the desired shape and texture of your cheese. For instance, if you’re aiming for a firm block, use a rectangular mold. For a traditional wheel suitable for aging, a round mold is ideal.

Begin by lining your chosen mold with cheesecloth. This step helps the cheese mixture maintain its shape and aids in the aging process. Pour the mixture into the mold, compacting it well to remove any air pockets, which is crucial for achieving the right texture and flavor.

For spreadable cheese, use smaller, shallow molds that allow for easier spreading later. For a firm block meant for slicing, ensure the mixture is tightly packed to set properly. Each molding technique affects the final product’s texture and flavor, so choose wisely based on your end goal.



To keep your vegan cheese at its best, follow specific storage temperature guidelines. Proper refrigeration can maintain freshness for 7-10 days. Place the cheese in the optimal spot in your fridge to ensure it stays at the right temperature for consumption.

Storage Temperature Guidelines for Vegan Cheese

Refrigerate vegan cheese at temperatures between 35-45°F (1.6-7.2°C) to ensure it remains fresh and maintains its quality. This temperature range is crucial as it inhibits the growth of bacteria and mold, preventing spoilage. Proper storage safeguards the cheese’s texture, flavor, and nutritional value.

For store bought vegan cheese, immediately refrigerate vegan cheese after purchase. Avoid leaving it at room temperature to prevent spoilage. Store it in an airtight container or wrap it tightly in wax paper or plastic wrap to avoid it drying out or absorbing other food odors.

Always check the manufacturer’s instructions for any specific storage guidelines, as some vegan cheeses may have unique requirements based on their ingredients and preparation methods.

Shelf Life Expectations

Proper refrigeration is essential for maintaining the quality of your vegan cheese, allowing you to enjoy its full flavor and texture without worrying about spoilage.

Store vegan cheese in its original packaging or transfer it to an airtight container to extend its shelf life and prevent it from absorbing unwanted odors from your fridge. The storage duration noted by the manufacturer can vary, so pay attention to these instructions as some types may last longer than others.

Best Storage Guide for Vegan Cheese:

Fridge Section Benefits
Back of the fridge Coldest area, maximizes freshness
Middle shelves Good for consistent temperature
Bottom shelves Cold but may be slightly less consistent
Door compartments Warmer, avoid for long-term storage
Crisper drawers Not ideal, higher humidity

Refrigeration is not just about keeping your cheese cool; it’s about ensuring it remains fresh for as long as possible. Proper storage conditions reduce spoilage and maintain the quality of your vegan cheese.

Flavor Customization

vegan cashew cheese

Selecting the right ingredients is crucial for customizing the flavor and texture of vegan cheese. This process emphasizes plant-based ingredients such as cashews, almonds, soy, and nutritional yeast, which are essential for mimicking the taste and texture of traditional dairy cheese. Each of these ingredients offers unique properties, allowing the creation of a diverse range of flavor profiles.

Cashews and almonds provide a creamy base, closely resembling the richness of dairy cheese. Soy offers a firm yet smooth texture, ideal for making slices or blocks. Nutritional yeast contributes a cheesy, umami flavor, bridging the gap between vegan and dairy cheese. By carefully selecting these ingredients, you can achieve a taste and texture similar to traditional dairy cheese.

Your ingredient choices will significantly impact the final product. Whether aiming for a sharp cheddar-like flavor or a smooth and mild mozzarella, the selection process allows for tailored vegan cheese to meet specific preferences. This customization makes vegan cheese versatile and appealing to various tastes.

Spicing and Seasoning

Customizing the flavor of vegan cheese involves incorporating a blend of spices, herbs, and seasonings to achieve diverse taste profiles. By carefully selecting these ingredients, you can replicate traditional cheese flavors like sharp cheddar, garlic herb, or smoky paprika.

Nutritional yeast is often a key component, providing a cheesy, umami flavor that serves as the foundation for many vegan cheese recipes.

When experimenting with flavor customization, the possibilities are vast. For a classic taste, you might add black pepper, salt, and dried herbs such as oregano or basil. For a bit more kick, consider incorporating red pepper flakes or smoked paprika. Each ingredient enhances the overall taste and aroma of your vegan cheese.

Seasoning goes beyond mimicking traditional flavors; it’s also an opportunity to create unique and diverse taste experiences. Whether you prefer a mild, creamy cheese or something bold and spicy, you can tailor your vegan cheese to suit any palate.

Aging and Fermentation

Aging and fermentation are crucial steps in developing the rich and complex flavors of vegan cheese, enhancing both its taste and texture similarly to traditional dairy cheeses. This process relies on bacterial cultures that play a vital role in fermentation. These cultures break down proteins and fats, introducing tangy and tart notes that contribute to a unique taste profile.

As vegan cheese ages, its flavors intensify and become more layered, adding depth to each bite and allowing for significant customization. You can create a wide range of flavor profiles, from sharp and robust cheddars to smooth and mild varieties. Fermentation is key to this customization, as the interaction between bacterial cultures and the cheese base can be tailored to achieve the desired final taste.

Whether you’re aiming for a tangy, tart kick or a mellow, creamy finish, the aging and fermentation processes are essential for crafting the perfect vegan cheese. These steps ensure that your homemade or commercially bought vegan cheese doesn’t merely mimic dairy cheese but stands out with its distinctive and appealing flavors.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Vegan Cheese Healthy?

Yes, vegan cheese can be healthy. It’s typically lower in calories, saturated fat, and cholesterol compared to dairy cheese. However, it’s important to check for sodium, additives, and processed oils. Consuming it in moderation and choosing high-quality options can make it a beneficial addition to your diet.

What Makes Vegan Cheese Taste Like Cheese?

Vegan cheese achieves a cheese-like flavor through the fermentation of plant-based milk proteins by bacterial cultures, producing familiar tangy notes. Ingredients such as salt, spices, and nutritional yeast are added to replicate traditional cheese flavors, resulting in an authentic and satisfying taste.

How Do They Process Vegan Cheese?

To process vegan cheese, plant-based proteins are separated using bacterial cultures. Oils, emulsifiers, and thickeners are then added to achieve the desired texture. The mixture undergoes aging and fermentation to develop flavors, making the process akin to traditional cheese-making.

Why Does Vegan Cheese Not Melt?

Vegan cheese doesn’t melt like dairy cheese because it lacks casein, the protein responsible for the melting properties in dairy cheese. Instead, when heated, vegan cheese softens due to its composition of plant-based proteins, oils, emulsifiers, and thickeners, resulting in a creamy texture.


The making of vegan cheese is a remarkable blend of creativity, science, and culinary art. By utilizing a variety of plant-based ingredients such as nuts, seeds, soy, and starches, vegan cheese makers have developed innovative techniques to replicate the taste and texture of traditional dairy cheeses. The process often involves soaking, blending, fermenting, and culturing, which can yield a wide range of flavors and consistencies, from creamy spreads to firm slices.

So, give it a try—you might discover a delicious new way to enjoy plant-based goodness!