What Are the Differences Between Processed Cheese and Natural Cheese?

Cheese lovers know that not all cheeses are created equal. From the creamy brie that melts in your mouth to the sharp, crumbly Parmesan that adds a punch to your pasta, the world of cheese is diverse and fascinating. One of the key ways to categorize cheese is by its texture: soft or hard. 

Key Takeaways

  • Natural cheese is made from high-quality milk, salt, and enzymes. In contrast, processed cheese includes emulsifiers, preservatives, and artificial colors.
  • Natural cheese undergoes traditional aging to develop complex flavors, whereas processed cheese skips the aging process, resulting in a uniform taste and texture.
  • Processed cheese generally contains higher levels of salt and additives, while natural cheese is more nutrient-dense.
  • There are over 1,000 varieties of natural cheese, each with distinct taste profiles. Processed cheese, however, focuses on delivering consistent and convenient flavors.
  • Processed cheese has a longer shelf life and often doesn’t require refrigeration, unlike natural cheese, which needs to be refrigerated.



When comparing ingredients, natural cheese stands out for its simplicity and purity. It’s crafted from high-quality milk, salt, enzymes, and sometimes natural colors. These natural components ensure that what you’re consuming is closer to what nature intended. Natural cheese contains no artificial ingredients or preservatives, making it a cleaner and more wholesome option.

Conversely, processed cheese includes a variety of added ingredients not found in natural cheese. Emulsifiers, preservatives, and artificial colors are commonly used to enhance the texture and appearance of processed cheese. These additives help improve shelf life and flavor but also mean you’re consuming more than just cheese. For instance, processed cheese often contains double the salt of natural cheese, contributing to its distinct taste and longer shelf stability.

The absence of preservatives and artificial additives in natural cheese results in a shorter shelf life, but it also means you’re avoiding unnecessary chemicals. While processed cheese offers convenience and consistency, it’s important to consider what you’re sacrificing in terms of natural ingredients.

Production Methods

Natural cheese production relies on traditional methods that preserve its purity and authentic flavors. It starts with simple, high-quality ingredients like milk, enzymes, and salt. These ingredients go through established processes such as curd formation, whey separation, and cooking. Each step is crucial in developing the cheese’s unique flavors and textures. No artificial additives or preservatives are involved, ensuring the product remains as natural as possible.

In contrast, processed cheese takes an industrial approach focused on convenience and consistency. It begins with a blend of natural cheeses, to which emulsifiers, preservatives, and sometimes artificial colors are added. These additives modify the flavor and texture to meet specific needs, such as improved melting properties or extended shelf life. The mixture is melted, emulsified, and reformed, resulting in a product that’s easy to slice, spread, or melt uniformly.

The key distinction between these types of cheese lies in the production methods. Natural cheese emphasizes purity and traditional techniques, while processed cheese incorporates additives and industrial processes for practicality.

Aging Process

Aging Process

Natural cheese distinguishes itself in the aging process by undergoing a time-intensive period ranging from weeks to years to develop its rich flavors.

In contrast, processed cheese bypasses this traditional aging, resulting in a consistent but less complex taste.

The environment where natural cheese ages, such as caves or controlled rooms, also significantly influences its flavor profile.

Time and Methods

The aging process for natural cheese, which can span from weeks to years, plays a crucial role in developing its complex flavors and textures. Throughout cheese production, this aging process allows natural cheese to acquire a rich and nuanced profile. Factors such as temperature and humidity are carefully controlled to shape the final product. Each type of natural cheese undergoes a unique aging process that imparts distinct taste and texture characteristics.

In contrast, processed cheese bypasses this traditional aging process. Produced quickly, processed cheese is melted, emulsified, and reformed with added ingredients to ensure a consistent texture and flavor profile. This method prioritizes uniformity and convenience, resulting in a stable and predictable product. However, the rapid production process means processed cheese lacks the depth and complexity found in natural cheese.

Texture and Melting

Discover how the textures and melting properties of processed cheese and natural cheese differ, influencing their use in various culinary applications.

Natural cheeses offer a wide range of textures, from soft and creamy to hard and crumbly, depending on their moisture content. This variety can impact how they behave when melted. For example, some natural cheeses may separate or become oily, while others melt smoothly but still maintain a distinct texture. The melting point of natural cheeses also varies, influenced by factors like aging and moisture content, which can affect their performance in cooking and baking.

In contrast, processed cheese is designed for a uniform, smooth, and creamy consistency, making it especially popular for dishes that require consistent melting. When you add processed cheese to recipes like grilled cheese sandwiches or cheese sauces, you’ll notice it melts evenly without separating or becoming oily. This predictable melting behavior is due to the controlled formulation of processed cheese, which guarantees a specific melting point.

Flavor Varieties

When it comes to flavor varieties, natural cheese offers a vast array of taste profiles due to its aging process and milk variations.

In contrast, processed cheese relies on additives to achieve consistent flavors.

The complexity and authenticity of natural cheese make it a standout compared to the uniform taste of processed cheese.

Diverse Taste Profiles

Natural cheese boasts an impressive array of flavors and textures, with over 1,000 varieties found in France alone. These cheeses offer diverse taste profiles, ranging from tangy and sharp to mild and creamy. Each type of natural cheese has unique flavors influenced by factors such as aging, milk source, and regional production methods. This diversity makes natural cheese a versatile ingredient for enhancing the complexity of dishes like lasagna or quiches.

In contrast, processed cheese focuses on providing a consistent taste. Manufacturers often include additives for flavor enhancement, ensuring that each slice or block of cheese tastes the same. This uniformity makes processed cheese convenient for recipes requiring a predictable flavor profile.

While processed cheese excels in convenience and consistency, natural cheese stands out for its rich, diverse taste profiles and unique flavors, making it ideal for gourmet and home-cooked meals alike.

Nutritional Value

When comparing processed cheese and natural cheese, natural cheese offers significantly higher nutritional value. Made from simple ingredients like milk, enzymes, and salt, natural cheese provides essential nutrients such as calcium, protein, and vitamins A and B12. These nutrients support bone health, muscle function, and a strong immune system.

Processed cheese, however, contains higher levels of salt and additives, which can lower its nutritional value. Increased sodium levels in processed cheese can contribute to health risks like hypertension and obesity. Additionally, processed cheese may contain trans fats and artificial flavors, adding further health concerns and making it a less nutritious option compared to natural cheese.

Opting for natural cheese over processed cheese means choosing a product with fewer additives and a richer nutritional profile. This choice prioritizes health and well-being, ensuring you receive essential nutrients for balanced and wholesome eating.

Shelf Life

Natural cheese, with minimal preservatives, typically has a shorter shelf life, ranging from a few days to a few weeks, depending on factors like type and moisture content. Proper storage in a cool, dry place is essential to maximize its usability.

Processed cheese, on the other hand, boasts an extended shelf life of up to two months due to added preservatives and emulsifiers. Some varieties may not even require refrigeration, making it a convenient option for long-term storage.

Here’s a quick comparison:

Natural Cheese:

  • Requires refrigeration.
  • Lasts a few days to a few weeks.
  • Minimal preservatives mean higher perishability.

Processed Cheese:

  • Often doesn’t require refrigeration.
  • Lasts up to two months.
  • Contains additives and preservatives for extended shelf life.

Culinary Uses

Culinary Uses

When cooking, the choice between processed and natural cheese significantly impacts your dish. Processed cheese melts smoothly, making it ideal for comfort foods, while natural cheese provides rich flavors perfect for gourmet recipes.

Understanding their melting properties, texture, flavor, ingredients, and pairing potential will help you make the best choice for your culinary creations.

Cooking and Pairing

In the realm of cooking and pairing, both processed and natural cheeses offer distinct advantages. Processed cheese excels in recipes requiring a smooth, creamy melt, making it ideal for grilled cheese sandwiches, cheeseburgers, nachos, dips, and casseroles. Its consistent melting properties ensure a reliable, gooey texture that enhances these dishes.

Natural cheese, conversely, provides a diverse range of flavors and textures, suitable for gourmet dishes and sophisticated pairings. It shines on cheese boards, complementing fruits, wines, and nuts, and can elevate dishes like fondue or macaroni and cheese with its versatility and depth of flavor.

Incorporate both types of cheese into your cooking to maximize their unique culinary benefits and elevate your dishes.

Cost Differences

The higher cost of natural cheese arises from its premium ingredients and the intricate production methods involved. When comparing the price of natural cheese to processed cheese, the significant difference is evident. This price variation primarily stems from the use of high-quality ingredients like premium milk and the complex aging processes that enhance the flavor and texture of natural cheese.

In contrast, processed cheese is generally cheaper due to the use of additives and preservatives that extend its shelf life and the more cost-effective production methods employed.

If cost is a key consideration, processed cheese offers affordability and convenience with its extended shelf life and mass production making it a budget-friendly option.

Conversely, natural cheese, despite its higher price, delivers richer flavors and superior quality due to the meticulous aging process and premium ingredients.

Ultimately, the cost difference between processed and natural cheese underscores the trade-off between affordability and quality. While processed cheese is more economical, natural cheese provides a more authentic and exquisite taste experience.

Health Considerations

When comparing processed and natural cheese, it’s crucial to consider their health impacts. Processed cheese typically contains more calories and sodium than natural cheese, which may contribute to weight gain and hypertension, adversely affecting your overall health.

Natural cheese, made from pure milk without chemicals or preservatives, provides a healthier alternative. It lacks the artificial additives and emulsifiers commonly found in processed cheese, making it a better choice for those aiming to maintain a heart-healthy diet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Processed Cheese Healthier Than Normal Cheese?

Processed cheese isn’t healthier than natural cheese. It’s loaded with salt, preservatives, and artificial ingredients, which can lead to various health issues. Opting for natural cheese, with its simpler and more natural ingredients, is a wiser choice for overall health.

How Can You Tell the Difference Between Real Cheese and Processed Cheese?

To differentiate between real cheese and processed cheese, check the ingredients list. Real cheese contains simple ingredients like milk, salt, and natural enzymes, whereas processed cheese includes emulsifiers, preservatives, and artificial colors. Additionally, real cheese has a shorter shelf life compared to processed cheese.

What Cheeses Are Not Considered Processed?

Cheeses like Brie, Camembert, Cheddar, and Mozzarella are not considered processed. They are made from simple, natural ingredients without additives, in contrast to processed cheese, which contains emulsifiers, preservatives, and artificial colors.

What Makes Cheese All Natural?

All-natural cheese is crafted from high-quality milk, enzymes, and salt without the use of artificial additives or preservatives. The process involves pressing out the whey and using beneficial bacteria to aid in curd separation, ultimately resulting in a pure, naturally matured product.


Exploring the differences between soft and hard cheeses reveals a world of diverse flavors and textures waiting to be enjoyed. Each type, from the smooth and creamy to the firm and aged, brings something special to the table. By understanding these distinctions, you can make more informed choices and elevate your cheese experiences.